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How to clean a rug |Full immersion rug cleaning vs dry cleaning vs on-site wet
Most carpet cleaners offer rug cleaning services by HWE (hot water extraction, or to make it easier to understand: the
process used to clean fitted carpets). Some rug
cleaners mention full immersion or submersion. Some others talk about dry cleaning.
What is the difference? Let's take a look at each process and see:
This process consists of applying a layer of dry compound to the surface of the rug, agitating with a counter rotating brush and vacuuming once the compund
Although it's called dry compound the microsponges are wetted with a cleaning solution which breaks down the soils upon agitation. The dirt and soils are
absorbed into the microsponges as they dry and then vacuumed up.
Insitu rug dry cleaning, although a viable cleaning method, has some
- being done at the customers premises means no thorough dusting can be done
- it only works on rugs with a pile
- it is not efficient against spillages or pet stains which require thorough flushing
It works for fitted carpets so it should also work for rugs, right?
This is the quickest way to ruin a handmade
handmade rugs can and will bleed colours. There is no way to control it in-situ
handmade rugs are made of natural fibres like cotton and wool. There is no way of drying them within an optimal time frame
handmade rugs can hold A LOT of dust and grit deep down the fibres. There is no way of dusting them properly outside a rug
handmade rugs can buckle and curl. This cannot be prevented in customers' house
So asking your carpet cleaner to go over any hand made rug is a big
In-plant full immersion is the only recommended cleaning process for rugs. It is also the most thorough cleaning system
as it involves removing all the dust for the back and deep down the pile and a thorough submersion clean and rinse.
Having your rug cleaned in a dedicated rug cleaning workshop (also refered to as a rug cleaning plant or rug spa) also
addresses all the potential problems mentioned above:
In a specialist rug cleaning workshop, this can be prevented in 2
stabilizing the colours before the cleaning process, or
flush all excess dye before it gets the chance to bond to the fibres. A bespoke wash floor and a high water flow will help
prevent any dye bleeding damage.
A specialist rug cleaner will have a dedicated drying room.
After a thorough rinse on the wash floor, most of the water gets extracted from the rug with the help of a centrifuge or another appropriate tool like "the rug
The rugs then get hanged on drying poles in the drying room, a climate-controlled sealed
Here, dry air gets blown around the rugs drying even some of the larger ones in just
Unlike in-situ cleaning where the only dust extraction method possible is vacuuming, in a rug cleaning plant 2 more
thorough methods are available:
Rug beating - the rugs get put face down on dusting grids and the back of the rug is agitated with a dedicated rug duster like
"The rug badger"
Air dusting - Compressed air is gently blown through the rug's fibres to extract all dust
Some rugs like for example the Afghan ones tend to curl or even shrink after wet cleaning. In a specialist rug cleaning
unit, this can be prevented by blocking the rug. This method involves drying the rug flat under gentle tension; it can also be used to correct previous curling caused by floods or inappropriate
In conclusion, full immersion rug cleaning is not only the most thorough but also the safest rug cleaning